Praseedha is the Best Hair Clinic In Chennai and also specialised in Cosmetic Surgery In Chennai. Hair transplantation is the transfer of strong and permanent hair roots which were removed from the back side of head special techniques and these roots are grafted in the skin on the bald area or in between the hair where the density has to be increased.
The first hair transplantation for male pattern baldness was realized by Dr .N. Orentreich in the United States as he started using punch graft technique. But hair transplantation did not receive much interest in public for many years because the treatment resulted in unnatural looks because of punch graft of 7-8 hair look like bunch of bushes. A turning point in hair transplantation procedure was the discovery of the follicular units. The 1990’s were the golden ages of the FUT method, when micrografts were produced and were dissected into mini-micrografts via stereomicroscopic dissecting techniques.
The placement of the grafts is a principle stage in obtaining a natural hairline. The frontal hairline should have a nonhomogeneous and nonmonotonous, irregular and soft look. In our applications, we are positioning only single unit grafts on the frontal hairline. In order to achieve maximum hair intensity, we proceed from the middle to the posterior scalp by placing triple and quadruple follicular unit groups. Placement of the hair grafts may take a few hours depending on the number of grafts required. You may meanwhile watch TV or take a sleep during the procedure. Hair transplantation is accomplished when graft insertion is completed. From this point on, what the patient should do is patiently waiting until the transplanted hair grows.
Causes of Hair Loss
Male- and female-pattern baldness:
Male-pattern baldness is hereditary . It is not clear if this is the case with female-pattern baldness.Male-pattern baldness is thought to be caused by oversensitive hair follicles (holes in the skin that contain the roots of each hair). This is linked to the hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is made from the male hormone testosterone. If there is too much DHT, the follicles react to it. The hair becomes thinner and grows for a shorter length of time than normal. The balding process is gradual because different follicles are affected at different times. The causes of female-pattern baldness are less well understood. Women who have been through the menopause may have an increased chance of female-pattern baldness because they have fewer female hormones.
Immune system imbalance:
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition. The immune system is the body’s natural defence system, which helps protect it from infection by bacteria and viruses. Usually, the immune system attacks the cause of an infection, but in the case of alopecia areata it damages the hair follicles instead. It is not clear exactly why this happens. Fortunately, the hair follicles are not permanently damaged and in many cases the hair grows back within a few months.
Alopecia areata is more common among people with other autoimmune conditions, such as:
- Thyroid disease – conditions that affect your thyroid gland – hyperthyroidism
- Diabetes– a condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in the blood
- Vitiligo – a condition that produces white patches on the skin
Alopecia areata is also more common among people with Down syndrome, a genetic condition that causes learning difficulties and affects physical development. More than one in 20 people with Down syndrome have alopecia areata.
Some people may be genetically more vulnerable to alopecia areata. Certain genes (units of genetic material) may make the condition more likely. Around one in five people with alopecia areata have a family history of the condition, suggesting that the tendency to develop the condition may be inherited. You may also be at an increased risk of alopecia areata if a member of your family has one of the autoimmune conditions mentioned above.
Scarring alopecia is caused by permanent damage to the hair follicles. In many cases, it is not clear why this happens, although it is sometimes the result of another condition.
Conditions that can cause scarring alopecia include:
- Scleroderma– a condition that affects the body’s connective (supporting) tissues, resulting in hard, puffy and itchy skin
- Lichen planus– a non-infectious, itchy rash that can affect many areas of the body
- Discoid lupus– a mild form of lupus that affects the skin, causing scaly marks and hair loss
- Folliculitis decalvans– a rare form of alopecia that most commonly affects men, causing baldness and scarring of the affected areas
- Frontal fibrosing alopecia– a type of alopecia that affects post-menopausal women where the hair follicles are damaged, and the hair falls out and is unable to grow back
Anagen effluvium is usually caused by medical treatments for cancer, most commonly chemotherapy. However, not all chemotherapy drugs cause hair loss and sometimes the hair loss is so small it is hardly noticeable.
In some cases, other cancer treatments – including immunotherapy and radiotherapy – may also cause hair loss.
Telogen effluvium is a type of temporary hair loss that can be caused by your body reacting to:
- hormonal changes, such as those that take place when a woman is pregnant
- intense emotional stress
- intense physical stress, such as childbirth
- a short-term illness, such as a severe infection or an operation
- a long-term illness, such as canceror liver disease
- changes in your diet, such as crash dieting
- some medications, such as anticoagulants(medicines that reduce the ability of your blood to clot) or beta-blockers(used to treat a number of conditions, such as high blood pressure)
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
This technique of hair restoration in which hair root (follicles) are extracted from the back of head not the complete group of follicles as in FUT technique, which makes this method stitch-less under local anesthesia with the help of special micro punches and implanted in the bald area. In FUE technique hair follicular can be harvested from the head as well as the body in multiple sittings. It is also a preferred technique for eyebrow or moustache transplant or in patients having tight skin. FUE technique is ideal for revision cases i.e. those who have already undergone surgery by strip method. As per requirement multiple sittings can be given on next day or latter to give more add-ons.
The main advantages of the FUE Technique are:
- No suturing
- Ideal for beard, moustache or eyebrow replacement.
- Ideal for small sessions and for patients in initial stages.
- Less invasive – with no visible scarring in the donor area.
- No linear/big scars.
- Less pain.
- Less bleeding
1.Preperation for surgery :
We will fix an appropriate date which is convenient. A regular medical fitness will be obtained to undergo hair transplant surgery under local anesthesia. Head bath and a breakfast are suggested on the day of surgery. Then for surgery we trim and prepare the donor area from the back of the head for transplant it to the bald place (or place for transplant surgery like moustache, eyebrow, and beard).We provide the Best Hair Treatment In Chennai.
2.Steps of Surgery of FUE Hair Transplant :
Patients are made to sit on desired posture for extraction of hair follicles. Then with extreme care we give local anesthesia with minimal discomfort in the donor area of the patient. The grafts are then extracted from the donor area using micro punches. The extraction of follicles is done under magnification. The extracted grafts are then preserved in cool Ringer Lactate solution. Each follicle may be consisting of 1,2,3,4 hairs.
Implantation of the hair follicles is the most skilful and crucial step in entire process. Extreme care is taken to ensure a natural look in this area after hair will grow. The hair follicles containing single hair are implanted in the front to give a natural hairline and subsequently followed by units containing 2-3 hairs to give density to the area. Once the process is completed, the patient is discharged and send home the same day, with post operative instructions and medications required after the surgery.
3.Immediate & Late post operative care after FUE surgery
On the next day dressing on the forehead is usually removed and redressing done by the doctor in his clinic and the process will be taught to the patient, so that he can do for another 15 days. If the patient cannot turn up, he can remove the bandage on his own also. Small crusts start appearing in the donor area. Just like any other hair transplant, swelling may appear on the forehead 24 hours after FUE surgery. If it does come, then it increases for about the 3 days, comes around the eyes and cheeks and takes about a week to settle down. There is nothing to worry about it as it occurs because of the gravity and settles on its own without any further medication. There might be some redness in the implanted area in the post-op period but this is again part of the natural healing phase. Avoid direct exposure to sunlight for about 3 weeks.
Avoid swimming and strenuous activities for 3 weeks after FUE hair transplant.
Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT)
It is also called as strip hair transplant technique technique identifies the patient’s natural hair groupings called follicular units. These are then removed from the surrounding skin in a way that leaves them intact in their genetic form. They are then placed in the recipient area with the appropriate density, distribution, direction, angulations and orientation thus giving natural results.
FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) Strip Harvesting – a strip of scalp is removed under local anesthesia, the wound is then sutured back together and this piece of scalp tissue is then cut in to small pieces of tissue called grafts. This method will leave a linear scar in the donor area, which should be covered by a patient’s hair (if long). The recovery period is around 2 weeks and will require the stitches to be removed by medical personnel.
What is Scalp Micro-pigmentation?
The human head has on average 2,000 hairs per square inch. When thinning occurs, it can be a depressing time, stigmas attached to balding & premature ageing in both men and women can affect confidence and mood. Scalp Micro-pigmentation can restore even a completely bald head to look like a full head of well-groomed hair.
Scalp Micro-pigmentation is the ultimate in non-surgical male and female scalp grooming; an incredible life-changing treatment where natural pigments are applied at the epidermal level of the scalp to replicate the natural appearance of real hair follicles or strands – depending on your hair loss extent, and desired look. This method is regarded as the best treatment of its kind available in the world today, using only natural pigments and application methods. At Praseedha Clinic we are fully qualified to perform micro pigmentation treatments and we recognize that your follicles don’t always naturally grow in the same direction, our team will replicate the natural eddies and idiosyncrasies of your hair pattern. We also understand that your hair follicles are not all the same shade, our team frequently use 3-4 shades of pigments to create the most realistic finish – giving you a younger and a more confident hairline.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
PRP therapy is used in hair restoration for natural looking results.
With a thin needle, your own Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is injected into the scalp. Then the growth factors in your blood cells do their job and hair growth is naturally stimulated.
PRP Hair Restoration is suitable for both men and women. It is a state of the art, non surgical, totally natural, alternative medical procedure used for the treatment of hair loss or hair thinning. It is an injectable treatment which uses the patient’s own blood. This can be done only by the Best Hair Transplant Clinic In Chennai.
Our blood plasma (PRP) contains active growth factors which can promote hair growth. Helping to restore one’s confidence, the end result is a fuller, healthier looking head of hair.
Advantages of PRP Therapy against hair loss are:
- Simple, non surgical procedure
- Multiple Injections: procedure lasting approximately 60 to 90 minutes
- Safe and reliable results
- Very quick recovery period.
- Beautiful and above all extremely natural looking end results